An apiary, often called a beekeeper, maintains and manages honey bee colonies for the production of honey and to provide pollination services. Beekeepers also build hives, replace honeycombs, and collect and package any product from the hive, such as honey, beeswax, and pollen. The term apiary is a “place of bees”. Describe a plot of land containing hives managed by a beekeeper.Apiaries are usually located on high ground to prevent moisture accumulation, although close to a constant source of water, whether natural or artificial, to ensure access for bees.
The greater the number of hives in an apiary, the greater the production of honey in relation to resources, often causing apiaries to grow with time and experience. For this reason, many beekeepers choose to keep apiaries of limited size to avoid infections or massive infestations. Apiaries have been found in ancient Egypt since before 2422 BC. C., where the hives were built with molded clay.
In some parts of Europe, it is more common to see real apiaries on wheels where the hives are part of the mobile vehicle.